A lump of muscle tissue can be felt where the tear has occurred. Resistance bands are good for gentle stretching. Treatment depends on how severe the muscle tear is. It can also help alleviate pain. The severity of these tears depends on the depth and suddenness of the stretch. If the injury is severe or the pain does not improve over time, it is best to see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. Significant improvement can be expected within the first two weeks, but full recovery can take up to 6-8 weeks. Ice treatment: Ice, can be applied for 10-15 minutes, every 2-3 hours in the acute and sub- acute stage (frequency can be reduced according to recovery, and can be continued for as long as deemed necessary). It is vital that all patients with a potential calf muscle complete rupture seek physiotherapy or medical assessment as soon as possible to determine if the muscle is completely ruptured. For injury prevention, it is essential that a warm up and cool down forms part of an exercise programme (10-20 minutes, depending on the duration of the programme). Your calf muscles are a large, powerful group of three calf muscles (soleus plus your medial and lateral gastrocnemius). It is also helpful to stretch after activity. It is recommended that initial treatment comprises: 1. rest; 2. ice; 3. compression; and 4. elevation. Your calf muscles produce very high contractile forces that … Some can be treated with just the RICE treatment and sufficient time off the leg, and the muscle tissue will heal on its own after time. Copyright Vivomed Ltd. All rights Reserved. To start, take a break from exercising for a few days, or until your pain goes away. In a grade 2 strain, recovery can take up to 5-8 weeks, and for grade 3 strains can take up to 3-4 months.Rest: to prevent further damage.In the sub acute (3 days to 3 weeks) and the chronic stage (3 weeks to 2 years) it is important that training should be adapted to avoid jumping or any exercises that put excessive strain on the gastrocnemius or soleus. In a Grade 3 degree strain: (a complete rupture). After 48 hours, stretching and strengthening exercises should be started. Even if you're seeking medical help, ice the area immediately. Treatment for a gastrocnemius muscle tear. Not all ruptures require surgery to fix. 4. Use a cold therapy and compression wrap to minimise any bleeding within the muscle. Pain is felt immediately, and can feel like a burning or stabbing sensation. In many cases, a ruptured calf muscle will require surgery to repair the damaged muscle tissue, and the surgery will be followed by a rehabilitation period of rest and physical therapy. Thanks! An excessive strain can tear this tissue so that any strength imparted by cohesion of the muscle fibers is lost. Bruising to the lower leg, as a result of internal bleeding. To treat a torn muscle, follow the RICE method, which stands for Rest, Ice, Compress, and Elevate. We know that it’s usually the S1 and S2 nerves in the spine that supply the calf muscle. In most cases, people can treat a stretched calf muscle at home with a cool, warm compress and relaxed height. But don't forget about it; if left in place too long can cause a flexion contracture (shortening) of the achilles tendon and permanent stiffness of the ankle. Pain on resisted plantar flexion (pointed toe) or when standing on pointed toes. Compression.Wrap the lower leg in an elastic bandage to reduce swelling and provide support for weakened muscles. Avoid activities that cause pain, swelling or discomfort. The earlier the treatment, the better the outcome. Torn Calf Muscle Recovery The best way to recover from a torn calf muscle is by protection, rest, ice, compression, and elevation (PRICE). Refrain from exercise, sports or other strenuous activitiesand rest the leg as much as possible. Compression: to reduce swelling and restrict movement. Heel raises and calf stretches form the basis of these exercises and should be gradually progressed in number of repetitions and load before returning to sport. What are the Different Types of Calf Muscle Injury. A sensation of being hit on the back of the lower leg. The immediate treatment of any soft tissue injury consists of the RICER protocol – rest, ice, compression, elevation and referral to a sports medicine professional. Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0 Hold the back of a chair and gently rise up on your toes. During this time, you should apply an ice pack wrapped in a thin towel to the torn muscle for 15-20 minutes every 2 … During a muscle strain, the muscle tissue fibers disengage and separate slightly. These 3 muscles are referred to as ‘the triceps surae’, and they attach to the Achilles tendon. A sudden change of direction, explosive movement or increase in speed can result in the calf muscles becoming torn or strained. Obtaining crutches from a doctor is one way to keep the leg immobile during the recovery phase while still maintaining the ability to move around for daily activities. Not all ruptures require surgery to fix. Elevating the leg helps reduce swelling and improves blood flow to the injured area, so if possible, the injured person should keep the leg elevated until he or she can see a doctor. This tool helps you do just that. A pulled calf muscle, aka "calf tear" or "calf strain", is a really common injury where one of the calf muscles gets overstretched causing some of the muscle fibres to tear. Avoid walking or other activities that cause pain. Are you struggling to make a comeback after tearing or straining your calf muscle? A physiotherapist or sportsmassage therapist or sports therapist can advise when exercise should be resumed and what exercise would be appropriate. The calf muscle is found at the back of the lower leg and is comprised of three muscles: the plantaris, the gastrocnemius and the soleus. Treatment of calf muscle tears is usually non-surgical, and dependent upon the individuals symptoms. Exercises should focus on stretching and strengthening, focusing on the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles; for example calf and toe raises. As the muscle tear heals, physical therapy exercises are utilized to regain full range of motion and muscular strength. The severity will also affect how long it takes to heal. Do not apply ice directly to the skin as it can cause ice burns. It is therefore, worth consulting a podiatrist, who can perform gait analysis and advise on appropriate foot wear.Kinesiology taping aids recovery by assisting with lymphatic drainage, and the repair of damaged tissues. If there is any underlying medical condition, such as a heart condition, it is important to seek medical advice before receiving massage. Stretching the calf muscle before activity (standing wall stretch, heel raise, seated dorsiflexion, etc.). Rest. Calf problems - Muscle, bone and joint injuries | NHS inform Symptoms of a torn calf that don't improve after a few days or start to worsen could be a sign of a more severe tear or a gastrocnemius muscle rupture. The treatment of a torn calf muscle will vary depending on the severity of the injury. Climbing or running up hills. 2. When a muscle is stretched, small micro tears occur in the muscle fibres. A doctor can also prescribe painklilers, anti-inflammatory medications, and can refer a patient to physical therapy and other recovery processes. By browsing this website, you agree to our use of cookies. The appropriate course of treatment depends on the severity of your injury. The soleus sits deep to the gastrocnemius, with the plantaris muscle and part of its tendon located between these two muscles. These 3 muscles are referred to as ‘the triceps surae’, and they attach to the Achilles tendon. Torn Calf Muscle Recovery Time. The Achilles tendon attaches to the heel bone (the calcaneus). Ice should be applied to the ruptured calf muscle to reduce pain and swelling, and the injured person will need to rest the affected leg by keeping all weight off it. Ice.Apply ice to the calf muscle for 10 to 20 minutes at a time once every hour or as often as possible. Ice bands are an effective way of applying ice therapy. The intensity of the exercises should be increased gradually and in a controlled way. 3. The muscles can feel tight and ache when stretched. Should you walk on a torn calf muscle? Want to save up to 30% on your monthly bills? Using crutches can help keep a person mobile while their ruptured calf muscle heals. There are three different degrees of calf strain: grade 1 is a mild strain, grade 2 moderate to severe pain and a grade 3 strain is a complete rupture. What are the Most Common Causes of Calf Pain? But don't avoid all physical activity. These are called the gastrocnemius, which is the big muscle at the back of the lower leg and the soleus muscle, which is a smaller muscle lower down in the leg. Ice. The aim is to reduce the bleeding and damage in the muscle. Elevation. If treated properly, it can take up to three weeks to heal Grade 1 calf pulls, four to six weeks to heal Grade 2 muscle strains, and … In general, a person should have a full range of motion of the ankle and knee, a painless stretch of the calf, no tenderness of the muscle an… As with most soft tissue injuries, the initial treatment is RICE – Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation. Some can be treated with just the RICE treatment and sufficient time off the leg, and the muscle tissue will heal on its own after time. If you’re after the fastest way to heal a strained calf muscle, then physiotherapy may be able to … A few days after the injury, bruising will appear below where the partial tear has occurred. Bruising and swelling are very likely to occur immediately following the injury, and the injured person may be unable to put weight on the affected leg. A concrete example that ties back to my calf muscle not complete, your doctor ’ instructions! 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