By the way, she was also not the only wife of the king. It is said that when Mumtaz died from childbirth complications, Shah Jahan went into mourning and returned, appearing much older. Shah Jahan’s extreme love for Mumtaz made sure she had a glorious married life. [57][58], A crater was named in her honour on asteroid 433 Eros, along with another one after her husband. In fact, she was a poet, who often composed poems in Persian language. his other wives] one-thousandth part of the affection that he did for her. Mumtaz Mahal supported Shah Jahan and they respected each other very much. Amazingly, Nur Jahan was the sister of Mumtaz Mahals father, Asaf Khan. [36], Shah Jahan consulted Mumtaz in both private matters and the affairs of the state, and she served as his close confidant and trusted adviser. He also married Izz-un-Nissa Begum after marrying Mumtaz. She also patronized many poets and scholars among others. [7] Although betrothed to Shah Jahan since 1607,[8] she ultimately became his second wife in 1612. she wants to know why everybody is spreading false news," a family member told PTI. She belonged to Persian nobility and was the daughter of Abu'l-Hasan Asaf Khan, a wealthy Persian noble who held high office in the Mughal Empire. Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal were married for 19 years. [20], Mumtaz was remarkable in the field of learning and was a talented and cultured lady. Shah Jahan stayed behind in Burhanpur to conclude the military campaign that had originally brought him to the region. Death. [49] There it was interred in a small building on the banks of the Yamuna River. [35] Mumtaz's tenure as empress was brief, spanning a period of only three years due to her untimely death, nonetheless, Shah Jahan bestowed her with luxuries that no other empress was given before her. . Siblings: Shaista Khan, Farzana Begum, Parwar Khanum. Her body was temporarily buried at Burhanpur in a walled pleasure garden known as Zainabad originally constructed by Shah Jahan's uncle Daniyal on the bank of the Tapti River. In the immediate aftermath of his bereavement, the emperor was reportedly inconsolable. Unfortunately there are no known contemporary portraits of Mumtaz, so I am working from a 17th-18th century likeness. fol. [25][26] During the intervening years between their betrothal and marriage, Shah Jahan had married his first wife, Princess Kandahari Begum in 1609 and in 1617, after marrying Mumtaz, took a third wife, Izz-un-Nissa Begum (titled Akbarabadi Mahal),[27] the daughter of a prominent Mughal courtier. [47], Mumtaz Mahal's personal fortune (valued at ten million rupees) was divided by Shah Jahan between Jahanara Begum, who received half and the rest of her surviving children. Shah Jahan had already made up his mind to construct a suitable mausoleum for his wife. [21] She was well-versed in Arabic and Persian languages and could compose poems in the latter. MUMBAI: Dismissing reports of veteran actor Mumtaz's death, a family member said Friday the yesteryear star is fit and fine. Since Shah Jahan was completely smitten with Mumtaz Mahal, he spent almost all his time with her, completely ignoring his other two wives in the process. Bazir khan is standing helpless. Prince Khurram married Arjumand Banu Begum in May 1612. They got married five years later on April 30, 1612 when Mumtaz was 19 years old. Hence, Mumtaz enjoyed the glory of the Mughal Empire to the fullest. Death [ change | change source ] She had been with her husband as he was fighting a campaign in the Deccan Plateau. Mumtaz was well-educated and was fluent in Persian and Arabic languages. Shah Jahan’s love for Mumtaz and his disparage for his first and third wife was so great that it finds mention in ‘Iqbal Namah-e-Jahangiri,’ which is written by Motamid Khan, Shah Jahan’s official court chronicler. Siblings: Shaista Khan, Farzana Begum, Parwar Khanum, Mumtaz Mahal was the chief consort of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Ghias-ud-din was also related to the royal family as he was the older brother of Nur Jahan, the Empress consort of Jahangir. The beauty of the monument is also taken as a representation of Mumtaz Mahal's beauty and this association leads many to describe the Taj Mahal as feminine. [55][56] This is evident from the asymmetrical placement of Shah Jahan's grave on one side of his wife's grave which is in the centre. In 1611, his father married Nur Jehan, the widowed daughter of a Persian immigrant and the aunt of Arjumand Banu Begum. European travelers, such as François Bernier, who observed its construction, were among the first to call it the Taj Mahal. Her father was the brother of Empress Nur Jahan (who subsequently became the … Mumtaz Mahal, byname of Arjumand Banu, also called Arjumand Banu Begum, (born c. 1593—died June 17, 1631, Burhanpur, India), wife of Shah Jahān, Mughal emperor of India (1628–58). The contemporary court writers paid an abnormal measure of thoughtfulness regarding Mumtaz Mahal's demise and ShahJahan's sadness at her death. Mumtaz and Shah Jahan lived together for a period of 19 years before she died in 1631. She was his constant companion and trusted confidant, leading court historians to go to unheard lengths to document the intimate and erotic relationship the couple enjoyed. Mumtaz’s personal life was one of joy as she was the most prominent among the emperor’s wives. It is seen as an embodiment of undying love and marital devotion. [6] The marriage was a love-match. "She is alive, fit and fine. Mumtaz Mahal was temporarily buried at the encampment in Burbanpur until Shah Jahan was able to defeat the rebellion. She did not know it would be her last trip. Since it is unlikely that they came up with the name, it is suggested that they might have picked it up from the locals of Agra who called the Empress 'Taj Mahal' and thought the tomb was named after her and the name began to be used interchangeably. A noted Sanskrit poet, Vansidhara Mishra, was the Empress's favourite. Though she was the trusted adviser and close confidant of the emperor, she is not portrayed as having had the aspirations to political power. She was buried temporarily in Burhanpur, but this was never meant to be her final resting place. [37] His trust in her was so great that he gave her the highest honour of the land – his imperial seal, the Mehr Uzaz,[38] which validated imperial decrees. Shah Jahan and Mumtaz had visited Burhanpur as part of Shah Jahan’s military campaign, which was aimed at suppressing the rebellion of the governor of the Deccan, Khan Jahan Lodi. mumtaz death Latest Breaking News, Pictures, Videos, and Special Reports from The Economic Times. Death: 17 June 1631. She died on June 17, 1631, giving birth to her 14th child, and was buried in Burhanpur at the place of her death. The only other empress who was more powerful under her husbands rule was Nur Jahan. [2] The Taj Mahal in Agra, often cited as one of the Wonders of the World,[3] was commissioned by her husband to act as her tomb. Its dome, which surmounts Mumtaz Mahal’s tomb, is nearly 35 meters high. Having died at a young age only a few years into her husband’s reign, her memory inspired the construction of the Taj Mahal, where she is entombed. It is considered as one of the finest examples of Mughal architecture. Early in adolescence, she attracted the attention of important nobles of the realm. Jahanara became the First Lady (. [45] When he appeared again, his hair had turned white, his back was bent, and his face worn. [28][29] According to the official court historians, both the marriages were political alliances. Mahal died in Burhanpur giving birth to her fourteenth child. Despite her frequent pregnancies, Mumtaz travelled with Shah Jahan's entourage throughout his earlier military campaigns and the subsequent rebellion against his father. On June 17, 1631, Mumtaz suffered complications while giving birth to her child and after an unusually prolonged labor of nearly 30 hours, she breathed her last in Burhanpur. Considered by many as the epitome of love, Taj Mahal was built on the southern bank of Yamuna River in Agra. He murmurs and prays to Allah; perceiving that she is on the brink of collapse. Mumtaz Mahal, born as Arjumand Banu, was a Persian princess and a queen of the Mughal Empire from 1628 to 1631. He married and had issue. [59], Chief consort of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, 17th or 18th-century portrait of Mumtaz Mahal, sfn error: no target: CITEREFFindly1993 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFTillotson2012 (, Mullah Muhammad Saleh Kamboh: Shah Jahan-Nama, Lahore, 2013, p. 159. Soon after ascending the throne in 1628, Shah Jahan declared Mumtaz as his chief empress. Qazwini. [16] Asaf Khan was a wealthy Persian noble who held high office in the Mughal Empire. [42], Mumtaz Mahal died from postpartum hemorrhage in Burhanpur on 17 June 1631[43] while giving birth to her fourteenth child, after a prolonged labor of approximately 30 hours. 233a translated by Begley and Desai (1984), p. 14. sfn error: no target: CITEREFFindly1994 (, harvtxt error: no target: CITEREFShujauddin1967 (, "Monument of Love or Symbol of Maternal Death: The Story Behind the Taj Mahal", "Waqf board handles Muslim rulers' property", "The Myth of the Taj Mahal and a New Theory of Its Symbolic Meaning", "Trouble at the Taj by Sonja Chandrachud – review", "Guerlain recounts the enchanting Legend of Shalimar", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mumtaz_Mahal&oldid=992942721, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox royalty with unknown parameters, Articles containing Persian-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2018, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Shah Jahan's favourite and most influential daughter. 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